Maryland Department of Education
Ballotpedia:Template:TOCnestright (Sunshine Review)
The Maryland public school system (prekindergarten-grade 12) operates within districts governed by locally elected school boards members and superintendents. Maryland has 24 school districts.
School revenues, expenditures and budget
- See also: Maryland state budget
The K-12 education budget totaled $6.7 billion according to the governor's FY 2010 budget, a $68.3 million increase over FY 2009. Education accounts for a 21% of the total statewide budget - $31.7 billion. According to the FY 2010 budget, approximately $1 billion has been allocated to the governor's 3-year total for school construction.
Charter school spending
In the 2004-2005 school year, shortly after the charter school law was adopted approximately $679,854 was spent on charter schools. Spending has since increased to $5.04 million for 2007-2008. A total of $13,565,391 was spent for the years 2004-2008.
The cost per pupil is $12,966 the 10th highest the nation according the Census Bureau 2007-2008 report.
Maryland ranked 8th in the nation, according to the American Federation of Teachers for average teacher salary in the 2006-2007 school year. The average teacher salary was $56,927, a 4.8% increase from 2005-2006. Beginning teacher salary was $40,849, a 5.7% increase from 2005-2006. The average teacher salary for 2004-2005 was $52,330. The average beginning teacher salary was $37,125, a 3.9% increase from 2003-2004. In comparison, the average teacher salary nationally was $46,602.
Role of unions
The main unions related to the Maryland school system are Maryland State Education Association (MSEA), an affiliate of the National Education Association (NEA) and AFT Maryland. For the 2003 tax period MSEA had: $13.9 million in total revenue, $13.7 million in total expenses and $11.5 million in total assets. AFT Maryland had: $1.1 million in total revenue, $1.1 million in total expenses and $337,687 in total assets.
List of local Maryland school unions:
- Maryland State Education Association
- AFT Maryland
- Baltimore Teachers Union
- Montgomery County Education Association, Maryland
- Teachers Association of Baltimore County
- Frederick County Teachers Association Of Maryland
- Teachers Association of Anne Arundel County
- Washington County Teachers Association
- Cecil County Classroom Teachers Association
Role of school boards
The State Board of Education is the main policy-setting body that oversees elementary and secondary education in the state. Each school district has it's own school board. The board not only establishes the education policies and standards but also approves the annual budget. The state board consists of 12 board members which are appointed by the governor. Members may sever two four-year terms. Student members, however, serve a one-year term. The superintendent, on the other hand, is selected by the board for a renewable four-year term. The superintendent also serves as secretary-treasurer but does not have a vote.
- See also: Maryland government sector lobbying
The main education government sector lobbying organization is the Maryland Association of Boards of Education.
- See also: Maryland transparency headlines
Maryland has partial transparency due to the passage of the Maryland Funding Accountability and Transparency Act. The state has made a searchable database available. Information specifically regarding the Maryland State Department of Education can be viewed here.
Despite the state's attempts to increase transparency, some still argue that local transparency is lacking. Local school systems for example mostly fail to provide "accessible and searchable information on contracts and guidelines for applying for them, and lobbying and ethics reports," according to reports.
A 2009 study, Leaders and Laggards, conducted by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Institute for a Competitive Workplace, Frederick M. Hess of the conservative American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, and the Center for American Progress, gave Maryland: "C" in academic achievement; "C" in truth in advertising about student proficiency; "C" in rigor of standards; "A" in post-secondary and workforce readiness; "A" in for its teacher workforce policies; "F" in data quality.
- In Montgomery County the Parents Coalition of Montgomery County filed a series of FOIA requests which later revealed in 2009: one school system's account was overdrawn by $122,000, a school spent $14,000 on a gym without a bid and a principal was reimbursed $11,000 for expenses on a personal credit card. The school audits are currently not posted on the district's website.
- According to a legislative audit, in 2009 the state department of education failed to inspect day care centers and in effect hired too many educators. The audit revealed that of 100 centers 75% did not receive the required inspections. The state tripled the number of educators since 1990. Their salaries total 7% of the department of education's budgeted payroll.
The charts below reveals details on Maryland schools' performance according to the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) report, which is used by the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) program to determine the academic performance of schools.
According to AYP standards, below is a chart that indicates whether schools in grades 3-5, 6-8 and 9-12 have met AYP standards for the 2008-2009 school year. A "no" indicates a school that did not meet AYP standards. A "yes" indicates a school that did meet AYP standards.
Schools listed for improvement due to a failure to meet AYP scores include: 9 schools in Anne Arundel County, 81 schools in Baltimore City, 16 schools in Baltimore County, 1 school in Caroline County, 4 schools in Cecil County, 1 school in Charles County, 3 schools in Dorchester County, 4 schools in Frederick County, 8 schools in Harford County, 1 school in Howard County, 1 school in Kent County, 8 schools in Montgomery County, 56 schools in Prince George's County, 1 school in Saint Mary's County, 3 schools in Somerset County, 1 school in Washington County, 2 schools in Wicomico County.
According to AYP standards, below is a list of charter schools that and their progress for the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 school years. A "no" indicates a school that did not meet AYP standards. A "yes" indicates a school that did meet AYP standards.
|Northwood Appold Community Academy||-||no|
|Patterson Park Public Charter School||no||no|
|Rosemont Elementary/Middle School||-||yes|
|The Crossroads School||yes||yes|
|The Empowerment Academy||yes||yes|
|Monocacy Valley Montessori Charter School||yes||yes|
|Restoration Academy Charter School||-||no|
|EXCEL Academy Public Charter School||-||yes|
|Turning Point Academy Public Charter School||-||no|
|Potomac Public Charter School (closed 07-08)||-||yes|
State Budget Solutions’ Education Study: “Throwing Money At Education Isn’t Working”
State Budget Solutions’ examined national trends in education from 2009-2011, including state-by-state analysis of education spending, graduation rates, and average ACT scores. The study shows that states that spend the most do not have the highest average ACT test scores, nor do they have the highest average graduation rates. A summary of the study is available here. Download the full report here: Throwing Money At Education Isn’t Working.
See National Chart to compare data from all 50 states.
State Spending on Education vs. Academic Performance 2012
|State||2011 Total Spending||2011 Education Spending||2011 Percent Education Spending||2012 Total Spending||2012 Education Spending||2012 Percent Education Spending||2010 Avg. ACT score||2011 Avg. ACT score||2012 Avg. ACT score||2010 Graduation Rate||2011 Graduation Rate|
|Maryland||$55.4 billion||$18.0 billion||32.4%||$55.9 billion||$18.5 billion||33.0%||22.3||22.1||22.1||80.0%||80.4%|
School choice options include:
- Charter schools: in the state of Maryland, charter schools are free public schools "designed to offer a personalized environment and unique experiences." The state Public Charter School Law was established in 2003. The first charter school opened to 196 students. In 2008 there were a total of 30 charter schools, serving 7,100 students in: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Frederick County Public Schools, Harford County Public Schools, Harford County Public Schools, Prince George's County Public Schools and St. Mary's County Public Schools.
- Public school open enrollment: the state has not enacted an open enrollment policy.
- Online learning: the state of Maryland offers supplemental online learning via the Maryland Virtual Learning Opportunities (MVLO) program. Additionally, the Maryland Virtual School (MVS) provides supplemental learning for grades 6-12.
In May 2010 House Bill 1362 was enacted. It is now MD Chapter 743 http://mlis.state.md.us/2010rs/billfile/hb1362.htm This allows the School Board of Education to create a K-12 Full-time On-line/Virtual School. Parent organization Emerging Minds of Maryland played an important role in getting legislation passed www.EmergingMindsinc.org
- Maryland State Department of Education
- Maryland State Superintendent
- Maryland State Board of Education
- Maryland Schools & Districts
- Maryland Charter Schools
- List of Charter Schools
- Accountability & Assessment
- Maryland Education Report Card
- Maryland Public School Ratings by PSK12
- Maryland Public School Ratings by Great Schools
- Association of Independent Maryland Schools
- Maryland Virtual High School
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